Kitchen Connection - Kitchen Connection Goes to: Mozambique!
High angle over the city of Maputo at night
Official Name: Republic of Mozambique
Official Language(s): Portuguese, Bantu Languages
National Dish(es): Matapa
Maniocs cut and stacked in a vegetable stall
Fun Facts: Mozambique grows cashew nuts, cotton, tea, sugarcane, corn, coconuts, fruits and potatoes; they also rear cattle and poultry and catch fish.
Roasted cashew nuts on dark background
*Largest City (ies): Matola
*Culinary travel destination(s):
*Primary Language(s): Portuguese, Bantu Languages
*%Urban to Rural: 36%
*Primary Agricultural Exports: prawns, cotton, cashew nuts, sugar, citrus, copra and coconuts, and timber
*Food expenditure for one week: $301.07
*Caloric intake available daily per person: 2,070 kcal
*Alcohol consumption per capita: 2.40 liters
*Obese population: 7.2%
*Big Mac Price: $5.46
*Meat consumption per person per year: 30.1 kg
*Prevalence of Hunger: 30.5
*Culture: Daily life and social customs
Mozambican society has traditionally revolved around the family and the village, with customs and observances that grow from local rather than national influences. Many of its traditional values came under attack during the years of civil strife, for, despite Frelimo’semphasis on pride in African cultural heritage, its ideology of scientific materialism clashed sharply with important components of traditional Mozambican culture. Aspects of that culture, including spirituality, herbal healing, rites of passage, direct criticism of leadership through poetic performance, and lineage authority, conflicted with government efforts to reorder society along socialist lines and to define national culture through government control of the media. Frelimo opposed such traditional practices as polygamy and various initiation rites as well as regulos, chiefs who were put into positions of power by the colonial government. By the end of the 1990s the government had stopped its campaigns against polygamy and initiation rites, implicitly recognizing that such social customs were difficult, if not impossible, to legislate. Regulos and other local authorities came to have a larger role in governance.
The daily food staple of most Mozambicans is either cassava (manioc), which is cooked and pounded into a soft mound and served with a sauce, or massa, a cornmeal porridge that is similarly served with a sauce. A common sauce called matapa is made from cooking cassava leaves or other greens with ground peanuts or shredded coconut, usually in coconut milk; sometimes shrimp or meat may be added, and there are many local variations. Rice is also the basis of many meals and is often served with beans. Indian influence is seen in the wide varieties of rice pilaf (pilau), where rice is cooked with chopped vegetables or meat, and in the use of curry (caril) as both a flavouring and as a style of cooking. A chili pepper sauce or marinade called piri-piri is a key ingredient in one of the country’s best-known dishes, chicken piri-piri, also called frango á zambeziana. Prawns are found in the Mozambique Channel and are a well-known feature of Mozambican cuisine, usually served grilled and often with piri-piri. Portuguese taste has also had an impact, evident in the presence of coffee shops in the urban areas. Local fruit such as mango, papaya, and citruses are widely available.
*National Dish (es): Matapa
*National Drink(s): Tipo Tinto
*Fun foodie facts: Mozambican food is decidedly spicy due to the chilli peppers, garlic and lemons that are liberally used. Peri-peri means "spicy-spicy" and it is a standard accompaniment to just about all meals. It is one of the most characteristic flavours of the cuisine. Traditionally it is made by pounding red chillies, garlic, salt and olive oil and lemon juice together.
*Main religions: Mozambique Religions. Religions: Roman Catholic 28.4%, Muslim17.9%, Zionist Christian 15.5%, Protestant 12.2% (includesPentecostal 10.9% and Anglican 1.3%), other 6.7%, none 18.7%, unspecified 0.7% (2007 est.)
*Indigenous communities and their dishes: Macua 5.5 million (26.1%), Lómuè 1.6 million (7.6%), Sena 1.4 million (6.8%), Chuabo 785,000 (3.8%), Marendje, 75,000 (0.4%), Nyanja 500,000 (2.4%) and Ndau 1.9 million (9%).
*Native species: Even-toed ungulates in Mozambique
Carnivores in Mozambique
Dolphins, porpoises, and whales in Mozambique
Bats in Mozambique
Hyraxes in Mozambique
Hares, pikas, and rabbits in Mozambique
Elephant-shrews in Mozambique
Horses, rhinoceroses, and tapirs in Mozambique
Pangolins in Mozambique
Primates in Mozambique
Elephants in Mozambique
Rodents in Mozambique
Dugongs, manatees, and sea cows in Mozambique
Aardvark in Mozambique
*SDGs that are especially prevalent in the respective country: 1,3,6, 17
Tags : Kitchen Connection Mozambique Featured Country Mozambican Food Travel
Using this space to Connect you with the world, your world!