Kitchen Connection - Kitchen Connection Goes to: Mozambique!

Back to Blogs

Kitchen Connection Goes to: Mozambique!

Kitchen Connection Goes to: Mozambique!


High angle over the city of Maputo at night

By fivepointsix

Official Name: Republic of Mozambique

Capital: Maputo

Official Language(s): Portuguese, Bantu Languages

National Dish(es):  Matapa

Maniocs cut and stacked in a vegetable stall

By simonmayer


Fun Facts: Mozambique grows cashew nuts, cotton, tea, sugarcane, corn, coconuts, fruits and potatoes; they also rear cattle and poultry and catch fish.


Roasted cashew nuts on dark background

By robsphoto


"Insider Foodage"

*Country:  Mozambique

*Continent:  Africa

*Capital: Maputo

*Largest City (ies):  Matola

*Culinary travel destination(s):   

*Primary Language(s):    Portuguese, Bantu Languages

*%Urban to Rural:  36%

*Primary Agricultural Exports:  prawns, cotton, cashew nuts, sugar, citrus, copra and coconuts, and timber

*Population: 27,233,788

*Food expenditure for one week:  $301.07

*Caloric intake available daily per person:  2,070 kcal

*Alcohol consumption per capita: 2.40 liters

*Obese population: 7.2%

*Big Mac Price:  $5.46

*Meat consumption per person per year: 30.1 kg

*Prevalence of Hunger:  30.5

*Culture:  Daily life and social customs

Mozambican society has traditionally revolved around the family and the village, with customs and observances that grow from local rather than national influences. Many of its traditional values came under attack during the years of civil strife, for, despite Frelimo’semphasis on pride in African cultural heritage, its ideology of scientific materialism clashed sharply with important components of traditional Mozambican culture. Aspects of that culture, including spirituality, herbal healing, rites of passage, direct criticism of leadership through poetic performance, and lineage authority, conflicted with government efforts to reorder society along socialist lines and to define national culture through government control of the media. Frelimo opposed such traditional practices as polygamy and various initiation rites as well as regulos, chiefs who were put into positions of power by the colonial government. By the end of the 1990s the government had stopped its campaigns against polygamy and initiation rites, implicitly recognizing that such social customs were difficult, if not impossible, to legislate. Regulos and other local authorities came to have a larger role in governance.

The daily food staple of most Mozambicans is either cassava (manioc), which is cooked and pounded into a soft mound and served with a sauce, or massa, a cornmeal porridge that is similarly served with a sauce. A common sauce called matapa is made from cooking cassava leaves or other greens with ground peanuts or shredded coconut, usually in coconut milk; sometimes shrimp or meat may be added, and there are many local variations. Rice is also the basis of many meals and is often served with beans. Indian influence is seen in the wide varieties of rice pilaf (pilau), where rice is cooked with chopped vegetables or meat, and in the use of curry (caril) as both a flavouring and as a style of cooking. A chili pepper sauce or marinade called piri-piri is a key ingredient in one of the country’s best-known dishes, chicken piri-piri, also called frango á zambeziana. Prawns are found in the Mozambique Channel and are a well-known feature of Mozambican cuisine, usually served grilled and often with piri-piri. Portuguese taste has also had an impact, evident in the presence of coffee shops in the urban areas. Local fruit such as mango, papaya, and citruses are widely available.


*National Dish (es):  Matapa

*National Drink(s):  Tipo Tinto

*Fun foodie facts:  Mozambican food is decidedly spicy due to the chilli peppers, garlic and lemons that are liberally used. Peri-peri means "spicy-spicy" and it is a standard accompaniment to just about all meals. It is one of the most characteristic flavours of the cuisine. Traditionally it is made by pounding red chillies, garlic, salt and olive oil and lemon juice together.

*Main religions: Mozambique Religions. Religions: Roman Catholic 28.4%, Muslim17.9%, Zionist Christian 15.5%, Protestant 12.2% (includesPentecostal 10.9% and Anglican 1.3%), other 6.7%, none 18.7%, unspecified 0.7% (2007 est.)

*Indigenous communities and their dishes: Macua 5.5 million (26.1%), Lómuè 1.6 million (7.6%), Sena 1.4 million (6.8%), Chuabo 785,000 (3.8%), Marendje, 75,000 (0.4%), Nyanja 500,000 (2.4%) and Ndau 1.9 million (9%).

*Native species: Even-toed ungulates in Mozambique





Common warthog

Greater kudu


Blue duiker


Natal duiker

Common hippopotamus

Sharpe's grysbok

Blue & white-bearded wildebeest


Southern reedbuck

Roan antelope

Mountain reedbuck

Sable antelope




Grey duiker


African buffalo


Carnivores in Mozambique

African civet

Angolan genet

African clawless otter

Afro-australian fur seal

African lion

Common genet


Panther genet

Wild cat

Side-striped jackal

Black-backed jackal

African caracal


Spotted hyaena

African palm civet

Marsh mongoose

Slender mongoose

Common dwarf mongoose

Egyptian mongoose

White-tailed mongoose

Banded mongoose


Selous' mongoose

Meller's mongoose

Bat-eared fox

Honey badger


Speckle-throated otter

Striped polecat

African wild dog

African striped weasel

Dolphins, porpoises, and whales in Mozambique


Southern right whale

Coalfish whale


Bryde's whale

Chinese white dolphin

Blainville's beaked whale

Pygmy killer whale

Gray's beaked whale

Hector's beaked whale

Layard's beaked whale

True's beaked whale

Bottle-nosed dolphin

Euphrosyne dolphin

Long-beaked dolphin

Pygmy sperm whale

Rough-toothed dolphin

Killer whale

Fraser's dolphin

Southern right whale dolphin

Bats in Mozambique

Dark-winged lesser house bat

Dobson's fruit bat

African yellow bat

Long-tailed house bat

Schreber's yellow bat

Greenish yellow bat

Moloney's flat-headed bat

Persian trident bat

Lesser long-fingered bat

Greater long-fingered bat

Spotted free-tailed bat

Rüppel's pipistrelle

Sierra leone free-tailed bat

Nigerian free-tailed bat

Rusty pipistrelle

Angolan free-tailed bat

Little free-tailed bat

Midas free-tailed bat

Percival's trident bat

African sheath-tailed bat

Sundevall's roundleaf bat

Noack's roundleaf bat

Cape hairy bat

Welwitch's bat

Blasius's horseshoe bat

Large slit-faced bat

Geoffroy's horseshoe bat

Hairy slit-faced bat

Damara woolly bat

Darling's horseshoe bat

Rüppell's horseshoe bat

Large-eared slit-faced bat

Hildebrandt's horseshoe bat

Egyptian slit-faced bat

Lander's horseshoe bat

Wood's slit-faced bat

Bushveld horseshoe bat

Swinny's horseshoe bat

African giant free-tailed bat

Straw-coloured fruit bat

Mauritian tomb bat

Ethiopian epauletted fruit bat

Light-winged lesser house bat

Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat

Hyraxes in Mozambique

Rock dassie

Bush hyrax

Eastern tree dassie

Hares, pikas, and rabbits in Mozambique

Cape hare

Greater red rockhare

Jameson's red rockhare

Elephant-shrews in Mozambique

Short-snouted elephant shrew

Dusky elephant shrew

Eastern rock elephant shrew

Four-toed elephant shrew

Checkered elephant shrew

Horses, rhinoceroses, and tapirs in Mozambique

Burchell's zebra

Black rhinoceros

Pangolins in Mozambique

Cape pangolin

Primates in Mozambique

Mohol galago

Blue monkey

Garnett's greater galago

Elephants in Mozambique

African elephant

Rodents in Mozambique

Vlei rat

Gorongoza gerbil

Lord derby's flying squirrel

Southern multimammate mouse

Bushveld gerbil

Natal multimammate mouse

Acacia rat

Greater cane rat

Smith's bush squirrel

Hairy-footed gerbil

Striped bush squirrel

Red bush squirrel

Mozambique thicket rat

Vincent's bush squirrel

Woodland thicket rat

Spring hare

Small-eared dormouse

Creek groove-toothed swamp rat

Rudd's bristle-furred rat

Rock dormouse

Silvery mole rat

Mutable sun squirrel

Delectable soft-furred mouse

Pygmy mouse

Neave's mouse

Gray-bellied pygmy mouse

Gambian rat

African mole rat

Four-striped grass mouse

Tiny fat mouse

Cape porcupine

Fat mouse

Gray glimbing mouse

Brant's climbing mouse

Chestnut climbing mouse

Nyika climbing mouse

Spiny mouse

Single-striped grass mouse

Red rock rat

Pouched mouse

Namaqua rock rat

Angoni vlei rat

Boehm's gerbil

Yellow-spotted brush-furred rat

Dugongs, manatees, and sea cows in Mozambique


Aardvark in Mozambique



*SDGs that are especially prevalent in the respective country: 1,3,6, 17



Tags : Kitchen Connection Mozambique Featured Country Mozambican Food Travel

Kitchen Connection

Using this space to Connect you with the world, your world!